Ubuntu12.04 postgresql with postgis

2 minute read

현재 우분투 버전 13.04 postgis설치시에 apt-get 기본패키지로 postgresql 9.1과 그에 딸린  postgis설치하면 제대로 동작을 하지않는다.

정확한 패키지명.. postgresql-9.1-postgis


2.x버전을 설치해야 제대로 동작한다고한다.

관련 페이지.




삭제되는경우를 대비하여 복사.

How to install PostGIS 2.0 on Ubuntu 12.10 (quantal) from source Prerequisites

Several components are needed, which can either be built from source or installed from pre-built packages, as shown below.

Install prerequisite packages using:

sudo apt-get install build-essential postgresql-9.1 postgresql-server-dev-9.1 libgeos-c1 libxml2-dev libproj-dev libjson0-dev xsltproc docbook-xsl docbook-mathml Optional package for raster support (this is required if you want to build the PostgreSQL extensions):

sudo apt-get install libgdal1-dev Build PostGIS

wget http://download.osgeo.org/postgis/source/postgis-2.0.4.tar.gz tar xfz postgis-2.0.4.tar.gz cd postgis-2.0.4 PostGIS 2.0 can be configured to disable topology or raster components, using the configure flags –without-raster and/or –without-topology. The default is to build both. Note that raster is required for the extension installation method for PostgreSQL.

./configure make sudo make install sudo ldconfig sudo make comments-install Lastly, enable the command-line tools to work from your shell:

sudo ln -sf /usr/share/postgresql-common/pg_wrapper /usr/local/bin/shp2pgsql sudo ln -sf /usr/share/postgresql-common/pg_wrapper /usr/local/bin/pgsql2shp sudo ln -sf /usr/share/postgresql-common/pg_wrapper /usr/local/bin/raster2pgsql Spatially enabling a database

With PostgreSQL 9.1, there are two methods to add PostGIS functionality to a database: using extensions, or using enabler scripts.

PostGIS Extension for PostgreSQL

Spatially enabling a database using extensions is a new feature of PostgreSQL 9.1.

Connect to your database using pgAdmin or psql, and run the following commands. To add postgis with raster support:

CREATE EXTENSION postgis; To add topology support, a second extension can be created on the database:

CREATE EXTENSION postgis_topology; Enabler Scripts / Template

Enabler scripts can be used to either build a template, or directly spatially enable a database. This method is older than the extension method, but is required if the raster support is not built.

The following example creates a template, which can be re-used for creating multiple spatially-enabled databases. Or if you just want to make one spatially enabled database, you can modify the commands for your needs.


sudo -u postgres createdb template_postgis sudo -u postgres psql -d template_postgis -c “UPDATE pg_database SET datistemplate=true WHERE datname=’template_postgis’” sudo -u postgres psql -d template_postgis -f /usr/share/postgresql/9.1/contrib/postgis-2.0/postgis.sql sudo -u postgres psql -d template_postgis -f /usr/share/postgresql/9.1/contrib/postgis-2.0/spatial_ref_sys.sql sudo -u postgres psql -d template_postgis -f /usr/share/postgresql/9.1/contrib/postgis-2.0/postgis_comments.sql with raster support:

sudo -u postgres psql -d template_postgis -f /usr/share/postgresql/9.1/contrib/postgis-2.0/rtpostgis.sql sudo -u postgres psql -d template_postgis -f /usr/share/postgresql/9.1/contrib/postgis-2.0/raster_comments.sql with topology support:

sudo -u postgres psql -d template_postgis -f /usr/share/postgresql/9.1/contrib/postgis-2.0/topology.sql sudo -u postgres psql -d template_postgis -f /usr/share/postgresql/9.1/contrib/postgis-2.0/topology_comments.sql See also